Alexei Jawlensky


Artist Biography:

Born in 1864, Alexei Jawlensky was a Russian Expressionist painter, originally an officer in the Imperial Guards. Known for his Expressionistic abstract portraits and vibrant landscapes. He studied in Munich from 1896 and after meeting Wassily Kandinsky, joined the influential artist group Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), who were fundamental to Expressionism. While in France in 1905, he worked with the Fauvist painter Henri Matisse, whose flat areas of vibrant colour influenced his future style. At the start of World War I, Jawlensky fled to Switzerland, where he remained for seven years. He settled in Wiesbaden, Germany, in 1921 and his work became more abstract and expressive. Later, with Kandinsky, Klee and Feininger who were teaching at the Bauhaus, he formed a group known as Die Blaue Vier (The Blue Four). They taught and promoted Blaue Reiter ideas and aesthetics in the United States, Germany and Mexico. Jawlensky exhibited widely during his time and exerted a strong influence on key developments in modern art. Jawlensky died in Germany in 1941.

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