Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec


Artist Biography:

One of the leading Post-Impressionist painters, Henri De Toulouse-Lautrec was born in 1864 in Albi, France. Born into an aristocratic family, he was the son and heir of Comte Alphonse-Charles de Toulouse. From an early age, Toulouse-Lautrec was encouraged to develop his artistic talents. As a child, Toulouse-Lautrec suffered from a genetic disorder, which often made him sick and would later restrict his growth. As an adult, he was only 1.54 m (5 ft 1 in) tall. In 1882, Toulouse-Lautrec moved to Paris with his mother and became a pupil of the academic painters Bonnat and Cormon. Under the influence of other artists, especially Degas and Van Gogh, Toulouse- Lautrec broke away from traditional painting and in 1884, he set up his own studio in Montmartre. The artist spent much of his time drinking and sketching in cabarets, racetracks, and brothels. When the nearby Moulin Rouge opened in 1889, Toulouse-Lautrec was commissioned to produce a series of posters. Thereafter, the Moulin Rouge always reserved a seat for him and by the 1890s he had become a leading figure in the Parisian art world. Toulouse-Lautrec passed away at the family estate in Château de Malromé in 1901.

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