Georges Seurat


Artist Biography:

Georges Pierre Seurat was a French Post- Impressionist painter and draughtsman. He is noted for his innovative use of drawing media and for devising a technique of painting known as Pointillism. His large- scale work ‘A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte’ (1884–1886) altered the direction of modern art by initiating Neo-Impressionism. It is one of the icons of late 19th-century painting. Seurat was born in December 1859 into a wealthy family in Paris, France. Georges Seurat first studied art with Justin Lequien, a sculptor. Seurat attended the École des Beaux-Arts for two years and in 1880, after a year of service at Brest Military Academy, he returned to Paris. For the next two years he worked at mastering the art of black and white drawing. He spent 1883 on his first major painting - a huge canvas titled ‘Bathers at Asnières’. After his painting was rejected by the Paris Salon, Seurat turned away from such establishments, instead allying with the independent artists of Paris. In 1884 he and other artists (including Maximilien Luce) formed the Société des Artistes Indépendants. There he met and befriended fellow artist Paul Signac. Seurat shared his new ideas about pointillism with Signac, who subsequently painted in the same idiom. Seurat sadly died in Paris in March 1891 at the young age of 31.

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