Paul Gauguin


Artist Biography:

The artistic influence of French Post- Impressionist artist Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin has been enormous. He is one of the main sources from which non- naturalistic 20th Century art has emerged. Unappreciated until after his death, Gauguin is now recognised for his experimental use of colour and Synthetist style, that were distinct from Impressionism. Born in Paris in 1848, part of his childhood was spent in Peru. In 1865 he became a sailor and then, in 1871, he returned to Paris securing a job as a stockbroker and developed himself as a Sunday painter. During this period he collected the works of the Impressionists and finally joined in their exhibitions. Famously, during Gauguin’s time spent living in Brittany in the 1880’s, a disastrous encounter occurred between Gauguin and Vincent Van Gogh, during which the two artists apparently argued about art, leading Van Gogh to chop off his own ear. Gauguin was faced with increasing poverty after retiring and in 1891 he left Paris to work in Tahiti, where many of his most famous paintings were produced. He returned to Paris in 1893, but in 1895 went back to the South Seas and in 1901 moved to the Marquesas Islands, where he died.

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