A Map of the North Pole and the Parts Adjoining, 1680 by Moses Pitt


A Map of the North Pole and the Parts Adjoining, 1680


Moses Pitt

Ref GM774
Type Fine Art Print
Image Size 24" x 20" (60 x 50 cm)
Price Add to basket
This map is a charming English polar chart published in Oxford by Moses Pitt in 1680 as part of an intended twelve-volume atlas to compete with the great Dutch cartographers of the period. The North Pole, also known as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is, subject to the caveats explained below, defined as the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface. The North Pole is the northernmost point on the Earth, lying diametrically opposite the South Pole. It defines geodetic latitude 90° North, as well as the direction of true north. At the North Pole all directions point south; all lines of longitude converge there, so its longitude can be defined as any degree value. While the South Pole lies on a continental land mass, the North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean amid waters that are almost permanently covered with constantly shifting sea ice. This makes it impractical to construct a permanent station at the North Pole. Only four of the twelve-volume atlas were ever published, and few of the other maps can compare with the English feel of this simply designed and colourful map.