Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica ac Hydrographica Tabula, c1690 by Hendrick Doncker



Title

Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica ac Hydrographica Tabula, c1690

Artist

Hendrick Doncker

Ref GM780
Type Fine Art Print
Image Size 30" x 22" (76 x 56 cm)
Price Add to basket
Description  
Doncker lived in Amsterdam, compiling and selling charts and aids for navigation at a time of rapid expansion in world exploration. In a rather crowded market of charts that were simply copied from publisher to publisher, Doncker’s charts, which were based on his own research and which he would constantly revise and update, were known and respected for their accuracy. Doncker’s charts were engraved on to copper plates. The elaborate coloured embellishments were then added to the prints by hand. This chart is presented in the highly decorative style of the time, with elaborate illustrations surrounding the two hemispheres. Each corner features a portrait. In the top right is Claudius Ptolomaeus, or Ptolemy, the classical academic who worked on geography and astronomy among other areas. In the bottom right we see Nicolaus Copernicus, the Renaissance astronomer and mathematician who created the heliocentric model of the universe, placing the sun and not the earth in the centre, a concept explored further in the lower centre of the engraving. Tycho Brahe, the Danish noble known for his astronomical and planetary observations, appears in the bottom left corner, while in the top left we see a laurel-crowned Julius Caesar. The Zodiac is represented in the upper centre of the engraving, and the four classical elements – Fire (ignis), Air (aer), Water (aqua), and Earth (Terra) – are all also represented, in keeping with the classical belief that all four elements needed to be perfectly balanced in order to maintain harmony.